Background and Literature Review
The subject being researched is training – pitching speed/final test. The reason I chose this topic is because my goals and future profession are to be a collegiate baseball coach. I have the opportunity to pitch my entire life, and I’m looking forward to devoting the rest of my time to helping younger athletes achieve and grow at a rate that was not once achievable. With today’s technology and information. It’s much easier and more accessible to be able to find well supported data, and research to help you get a better understanding of how to properly develop someone and keep them as healthy as possible. Today in 2020 there are hundreds of different pitching philosophies, and methods to gain velocity, I am going to focus on a couple of the most mainstream ideas and programs out right now that have shown successful results. With so many ideologies based around things like weighted balls, bands, explosive work, bio mechanic focus, long toss, and so many more I am going to see what system seems to have the best results.
Driveline Research has many different aspects of pitching, one of their most common, and biggest focuses is the use of weighted balls. Out of five different studies conducted, “Four out of five studies found that training or warming up with an overweight baseball produce an increase in the velocity of the baseball”. High School players are the best to conduct studies on based off their athleticism, flexibility, and recovery time.” This study took 45 high schoolers and 180 university pitchers and randomly assigned them to two experimental groups and one control group”. At the end of the study the results found “Statistically significant velocity improvements were seen between the weighted-ball groups and the control group”.
TopVelocity.net focuses on the effects of Biomechanics and creating velocity through proper fundamentals, angles, separation, etc. according to the research there are 9 critical velocity components. All related to biomechanics, ad increasing velocity. The 9 components are broken down individually and explained. Every aspect has its own unique effect on the body, the way the ball is thrown, the amount of force being exerted, and how it helps relate to increase in velocity. The study is conducted mainly between athletes between the ages of 14-24 years old.
The 9 factors that strongly influence pitching velocity has many very good factors that most certainly affect velocity for baseball, but the factor that interests me the most he mentioned, that doesn’t get enough focus is Exposure to throwing volumes. “…strength, the body responds to stimuli and stress with very specialized and specific adaptations. In the same way that our body responds to heavy mechanical loading (heavy weight) by increasing strength over time, the body too responds to the imposed physical demands on the arm and shoulder from pitching.” In order to throw harder, athletes must throw on a consistent regiment, or workload weekly. “when combined with the extreme speed of the throwing motion, and amplified by large throwing volumes, illicit the physical and anatomical adaptations which lend themselves to increased velocity.”
The characteristics that we are focusing on is top velocity. With the new renaissance of analytical statistics coming in to play in the game today, and especially with kitchen top velocity has most certainly become the most popular statistic looked at all the way from the youth level up to the professional. We are going to be looking for similarities and tendencies between top velocity and the other categories posted such as BMI and weight. With more and more philosophies and ideas coming out year in and year out There are newer pieces of equipment being used in an attempt to become the new era of sports technology. We tested kids using a core velocity belt, we tested kids with weighted balls, we tested athletes on certain strength programs. All of these tests were taken in indoor facilities across the East Coast
Chart 1 is showing the correlation between age of players and their weight. We found lots of similarities between the groups of athletes who were in similar range of age and weight along with their top velocity numbers. As we drove a little bit deeper we saw that a majority of athletes who were being tracked, ranged closer to 190 to 200+ pounds, the drop off after 190 pounds gets rather dramatic pretty fast. We found that naturally the older and heavier you are at a younger age there will be tendencies for higher velocity
Chart 2 is depicting velocity and height each participant has their own label on the pie chart. We were able to find a bulk of participants who shared similarities and differences in interesting ways. Majority of athletes who were of taller height had the highest numbers for velocity, However the toilet actually two did not throw as hard we are much further behind the athletes who lacked height on average. We saw that although the taller kids had the highest numbers, the average between Shorter. heights we’re pretty identical
In conclusion we see that although there are certain benefits to being larger in size in certain aspects of throwing a pitch the size is not all that matters. After looking at the data and seeing the similarities amongst the average pitchers regardless of age or BMI, we can say that the top velocity of most pictures can be slightly more likely to be of players of taller heights and heavier weights however it is not always the case players of smaller proportions can still be capable of doing the same numbers. Much of this comes down to repetition of fundamentals, and active measures to become stronger and more fluent
Faer, R. (2016). The 9 factors that strongly influence pitching velocity. Retrieved October 26, 2020, from https://pitchmechanics101.com/the-9-factors-that-strongly-influence-pitching-velocity/
DeRenne, Coop; Szymanski, David, -. (2009). EFFECT OF BASEBALL WEIGHTED IMPLEMENT TRAINING: A BRIEF REVIEW. Retrieved October 26, 2020, from https://www.drivelinebaseball.com/pitching-research-weighted-balls/
Pourciau, B. (2013). Studies Confirm 9 Components to Increase Pitching Velocity – Baseball America. Retrieved October 25, 2020, from https://www.topvelocity.net/studies-confirm-9-components-to-increase-pitching-velocity-baseball-america/